National Festivals National festivals are different from the others in that the state has formal celebrations. Popularly, they are treated more as occasions to get together.
India 'celebrates' four of them: Republic Day, Independence Day, Gandhi
Jayanti, and Children's Day. The others, like Teacher's Day and Mother's
Day, are more on the scale of observances.
What separates national festivals from the others is the number of
levels they happen at.
For one, the government does not merely declare holidays but becomes
one of the participants. On Republic Day and Independence Day, there are
formal events - including a march-past and flag-hoisting - in all the
state capitals, district headquarters, corporations and municipalities,
and so it goes. Step outside the government, and you
have offices, educational institutions, co-operatives and other
organisations doing their bit on corresponding scales.
If you want to witness official celebrations, the place to be in is New
Delhi. The spectacular pageants, grand march-pasts, floats, cultural
tableaux and shows have tens of thousands of people lining the roads to
The essence of the mood, however, comes from the participation of the
community as an entity, however platitudinous that might sound.
In fact, Republic Day and Independence Day have slowly gained almost
the same air that other festivals have. You have people sending greeting
cards, wishing each other, organising entertainment, eating out, and
generally letting their hair down.
Gandhi Jayanti and Children's Day are more muted. Gandhi Jayanti is
officially significant but does not evoke the same response from the
people as Independence Day and Republic Day.
Children's Day is more or less confined to schools. So is Teacher's
Day, when many schools follow the practice of observing a role reversal:
getting the students of the higher grades to take classes for the lower
grades while the teachers themselves sit among the students.
The birthdays of other national leaders are not much more than official
observances. The states of India celebrate their own days. The bigger
cities, especially the state capitals, hold programmes and events that
specifically display the highlights of the state's culture and way of