India, the land of rich cultural heritage, has one or the other festival for every month. It is the spiritual and religious richness in India that each festival is related to some or other deity. One of such festival is the 'festival of lights' - Deepawali. It is the glorious occasion that is not restricted to one day, but extended to a five-day celebration. All through these five days, people are in a festive mood. Adding to the festivity is the colorful display of lights. Like every other Hindu festival, stories from Mythology are associated with Diwali too. Given below is information on the celebrations of Diwali.
Stories & Legends of Deepavali
Return of Shri Ram To Ayodhyaa
The most famous legend behind the celebrations of Diwali is about the
prince of Ayodhya Nagri - Lord Shri Ram. The king of Lanka, Ravana,
kidnapped Ram's wife - Sita from the jungle, where they were staying as
per the instructions of King Dashratha, father of Lord Ram. In order to
freed Sita from Ravana's custody, Ram attacked him. This was followed by
a war, in which, Ram defeated Ravan and released Sita from his custody.
On the arrival of Lord Ram along with his wife Sita, people of Ayodhya
decorated their homes as well as the city of Ayodhyaa by lighting tiny
diyas all over, in order to welcome their beloved prince Shri Ram and
Incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi
On the auspicious new moon day, which is 'Amavasyaa' of the Hindi month
of Kartik, the Goddess of wealth and prosperity - Lakshmi was
incarnated. She appeared during the churning of the ocean, which is
known as 'Samudra Manthan', by the demons on one side and 'Devataas'
(Gods) on the other side. Therefore, the worship of Goddess Lakshmi, the
Lakshmi Pujan, on the day of Diwali, became a tradition.
Lord Krishna Destroyed Demon Narakasur
One famous story behind the celebrations of Diwali is about the demon
king Narakasur, who was ruler of Pragjyotishpur, a province to the South
of Nepal. After acquiring victory over Lord Indra during a war,
Narakasur snatched away the magnificent earrings of Mother Goddess
Aditi, who was not only the ruler of Suraloka, but also a relative of
Lord Krishna's wife - Satyabhama. Narakasur also imprisoned sixteen
thousand daughters of Gods and saints in his harem. With the support of
Lord Krishna, Satyabhama defeated Narakasur, released all the women from
his harem and restored the magnificent earrings of Mother Goddess Aditi.
The Return of The Pandavas
The great Hindu epic 'Mahabharata' has another interesting story
related to the 'Kartik Amavasyaa'. According to the story, 'the
Pandavas', the five brothers Yudhishthhira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and
Sahdeva, were sentenced to thirteen years exile as a result of their
defeat against 'the Kauravas' - Duryodhana and his ninety nine brothers,
at the game of dice. Therefore, the Pandavas spent thirteen years in the
jungles and returned to their kingdom on the day of 'Kartik Amavasyaa'.
On their return, the people of their kingdom welcomed the Pandavas by
celebrating the event by lighting the earthen lamps all over in their
Coronation of King Vikramaditya
Another legend or story about Diwali celebrations relates to one of the
greatest Hindu King - Vikramaditya. It was the day when he was coroneted
and the people celebrated this event by lighting tiny earthen 'diyas'.